The Canary Islands are a volcanic archipelago consisting of seven major islands, one minor islands, and several small islets. The most recent eruption was that of Tajogaite which took place on La Palma in 2021. The islands have diverse microclimates due to trade winds, with forested areas on the taller and newer western islands and desert-like conditions on the lower and older eastern islands. The Canary Islands are known for their rich biodiversity, with approximately 15,000 different species identified so far and 40% of native plant species being endemic. The flora is highly diverse, with many endemic species, while the fauna includes unique invertebrates and giant lizards. The archipelago is also home to a variety of marine life.